Eshhad Quarterly Report: Apr – June 2016


Since its inception in 2013, Eshhad has documented over 400 sectarian incidents occurring on or after August 14, 2013 in Egypt. In the second quarter of 2016 (April through June), Eshhad recorded 16 sectarian incidents in Egypt, compared to 15 in the previous quarter (January through March).

Eshhad’s quarterly reports provide an overview of the trends of sectarian incidents in the country while providing analysis of the significant developments that occur with respect to attacks, legislation, and court cases, as well as representation and developments in the newly formed parliament. This report is Eshhad’s third quarterly report, covering April, May, and June of 2016. Section II discusses trends that Eshhad has identified over those three months compared with prior periods. Section III discusses sectarianism and security, particularly the relationship that security personnel have with minority groups in Egypt as well as what role they play in perpetrating or quelling sectarian incidents across the country. Section IV follows court developments and decisions pertaining to sectarian incidents or other forms of discrimination. Section V discusses relevant lawmaking and parliamentary affairs. Section VI tracks developments in the media pertaining to sectarianism. Finally, Section VII is a brief summary of Eshhad’s methodology and research models.

Notable developments from the report include:

  • In the second quarter of 2016, eight of the 16 incidents documented occurred in Minya, bringing 2016’s total to 15 incidents in Minya so far.
  • Abductions and disappearances continue to be the highest documented incident type, bringing the total to 90 since August 2013
  • Non-state actors carry out a vast majority of sectarian incidents. Of the 462 total incidents recorded since Eshhad began documenting, state actors directly carried out only 55 of the incidents (12%).

Moving forward, Eshhad will shift to bi-annual reports and produce a shorter trend report each quarter.